The city was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 7th Century A.D. and continued to be a major centre of the Chauhan power till 1193 A.D. When Prithviraj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed Ghauri. Ajmer is situated in a picturesque valley surrounded by Ajay Meru ranges of Aravali hills. Along with architecture it is an important place of pilgrimage for Hindus as well as Muslims. Muslims call Ajmer by the name of Ajmer sharif while Hindus call it Tirthraj Pushkar.
How to reach Ajmer
By Road : Ajmer is 140 km from Jaipur. It is connected with bus from many places like Jaipur, Agra, Aligarh, Abu road, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Barmer, Chittorgarh, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer. By Train: Ajmer is on the Delhi-Jaipur-Marwar-Ahmedabad-Mumbai line and most trains stops at Ajmer. By Air: The nearest airport is Jaipur which is 135kms away.
Places of tourist interest
Nasiyan (Red) Temple -This red temple is a Digambar Jain temple which has a double- storey hall adjacent to the main temple. The hall displays a series of large gold plated wooden figures depicting legends from Jain mythology.
Anasagar Lake - After defeating his enemies, Anaji Chauhan built the lake Anasagar in the year 1140 A.D. . Below the embankment of the lake Emperor Jahangir built a beautiful garden and named it as Daulat Bagh. Shahjahan further beautified the place by constructing the marble embankment and five elegant pavilions of polished white marble.
Dargah Khawaja Sahib - Dargah of khwaja Moinuddin Chisti is the great place of pilgrimage for the Muslims. Khwaja reached India in 1162 A.D. from Iran and settled at Ajmer in 1190 A.D. here in his residence he died in 1236 A.D. at the age of 97 and he was buried in his residence itself. Sultan Gayasuddin Khilji built a tomb on this place in 1464 A.D. Akbar built Akbari mosque, a meeting hall and 23m high Buland Darwaja (gate). Shahjahan added Jama Masjid in white marble and the large dome.
Pushkar - Pushkar Raj is the holiest place for the Hindus in Rajasthan. It is 11km from Aimer and there is a beautiful lake. This is the only place in India with a temple exclusively devoted to Lord Brahma. Legend of this place could be found in ‘Padma Purana’. According to the legend Pushkar means a pond created by flower, was formed when Brahma dropped a lotus flower on the earth to determine a place for his yagna, a holy sacrifice.
Taragarh - Maharaja Ajaypal built this fortress. It is 3000 feet above sea level. The giant fort stands guarding the city. It has six gates. The fort also has Miran Saheb ki Dargha who was the governor of the fort and laid down his life in an encounter.
Adhai din ka Jhonpara - The ruins of this building called ‘Adhai din ka Jhonpara’ can be seen at the foot of Taragarh hill. This building was built by Visaldev in 1153 A.D. and was a Sanskrit college building. But afterwards Mohammad Gauri ordered that it should be converted in mosque in two and half days. That is why it is called as ‘Adhai din ka Jhonpara’. This is a good example of Indo - Islamic architecture. The distinct pillars and arched screen with its ruined minarets make it a splendid architectural masterpiece.