Bharatpur ( Bird Century )

Bharatpur is famous for the adjacent  bird sanctuary. It situated 182 kilometers from Jaipur. According to a legend the place is known after Bharat, the younger brother of Lord Ram. Bharatpur Kingdom was the only royal Kingdom in Rajasthan that was ruled by Jats.

How to reach Bharatpur

Road : Regular bus service links Bharatpur with several cities within and outside the State. Direct buses from Agra, Jaipur and Delhi are available.  Air :Agra, 56 km, is the nearest airport. Rail : Regular trains connect Bharatpur with several cities on the Delhi-Mumbai trunk route, as well as to Jaipur and Agra.

Places of tourist interest

Bird sanctuary - This world famous bird sanctuary is five kilometers from Bharatpur and is the home of different type of beautiful and rare birds. There is a lake called by the name of Keoladeo spread in 13 square miles area. Entire area is full of trees and shrubs. This is an interlocking ecosystem of woodlands, swamps, wet prairies and dry savannah. Home to over 370 varieties of birds, more than 115 species are migrants flying in from Central Asia, Siberia and Western China during the winter months.

Lohagarh - This massive iron fort, conceived and designed by Maharaja Suraj Mal, the founder of Bharatpur, was built in the early 18th century. This fort is standing stoutly with its high walls though it had to face many stacks due to its peculiar ingenious design double walls of clay and a large most around the fort. With its impregnable defenses it withstood several British attacks. The outer walls of clay nullified the effect of enemy’s cannon balls. The outer wall was 8 miles in perimeter. Now completely razed to ground and the second wall is in ruins. The fort has two entrance gates the northern ‘Ashtadhati’ gate and the southern ‘Lohia’ gate built by Maharaja Jawahar Singh. The fort has three palaces within its precincts - Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas.

The Palace - This royal edifice has elements of Mughal and Rajput architectural styles, with intricately designed floor tiles of interesting patterns.  The splendid Bharatpur Palace has a large number of ancient exhibits that date back to the early 15th century. The museum - It was started in a part of royal palace in 1945. It has a collection of some rare gems of art and sculpture, inscriptions, armory and handicrafts.

Jawahar Burj  Fateh Burj - A few of the original eight imposing towers still stand erect within the ramparts of the Lohargarh fort. Two of them - Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj are of special interest. - Jawahar Burj was built in 1766 by Maharaja Jawahar Singh. Fateh Burj was built by Maharaja Suraj Mal to commemorate his victories over the Mughals and British. The coronation ceremony of the Jat rulers of Bharatpur were held at the Jawahar Burj.

Main temples - The temples of Ganga, Laxman, and Kali are standing in the midst of the city and beautiful symbols of architecture.

Deeg - Deeg with its exquisite complex of pleasure palaces lies 34 Km north of Bharatpur. Created in the mid-eighteenth century by Raja Badan Singh with additions by Raja Surajmal, this was an idyllic refuge from the battles which the erstwhile rulers constantly waged. Once the summer resort of the rulers of Bharatpur, it served as the second capital of the region. This interesting town has massive fortifications amidst beautiful gardens.  The historic fort, royal palace and colorful fountains are some of the things worth seeing. The palace built of white, yellow and red stones was started by Maharaja Badan Singh and it was continued up to time of Maharaja Surajmal and Jawahar singh. Here one can enjoy the colorful fountains of Water Palace (Jal Mahal) and the artful carving in stones. Gopal Bhawan with large halls and a marble swing brought by Maharaja Jawahar Singh from the Nawab of Awadh are very beautiful. The great durbar hall of Nand Bhawan and Macchi Bhawan are also made of marble. The Fort of Deeg, almost in ruins now, stands as the sole surviving witness of the many historic battles fought here..

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